Courtland is a census-designated place in Sacramento County, California, United States. Courtland is located along theSacramento River 17 miles (27 km) south-southwest of Sacramento. Courtland has a post office with ZIP code 95615, which was established in 1872. Courtland was named after Courtland Sims, son of James V. Sims, a landowner who opened a steamer landing in the community in 1870.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²), all of it land.