Longboat Key is a town in Manatee and Sarasota counties along the central west coast of the U.S. state of Florida, located on and coterminous with the barrier island of the same name. Longboat Key is south of Anna Maria Island, between Sarasota Bayand the Gulf of Mexico. It is almost equally divided between Manatee and Sarasota counties.
Longboat Key was originally inhabited by Native Americans. The area Longboat Key was scouted by Juan Anasco who was the first white man to explore the key and Hernando De Soto's scout which his Longboat went through the Longboat Pass on the north end of the Key. According to local legend he believed the Indians were hostile and when they reached land on the island and fled leaving their Longboat in a bayou. Pirate Jean Lafitte was said to have been shipwrecked near or on Longboat Key. For over 300 years Longboat Key was vastly ignored.