Burbank is a city in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 28,925 at the 2010 census.
In 1850, the area which would become the city of Burbank, then largely uninhabited and agrarian, became part of Lyons Township. In the 1920s, the area became an attractive site for real-estate developers who bought up farmland and built subdivisions.In 1952, the area became part of Stickney Township. Though still unincorporated, this led to massive development in the area, and by 1960 the population of the area had reached 20,720, nearly triple the population of a decade earlier. The area was incorporated into a city in 1970, partly to resist annexation by the City of Chicago. The city was named after Luther Burbank Elementary School, an institution which had served the area since the 1930s.