Dundee is a village in Kane County, Illinois, United States. The population was 7,331 as of the 2010 US Census.
In 1835 Elder John and Nancy Oatman established a tavern and a store that became the core of the community. Others settlers came, and in 1837 they held a lottery to determine who would name the town. Alexander Gardiner won and named the town Dundee in honor of his Scottish hometown. In 1843 Scotsman Allan Pinkerton, later the renowned detective, set up business as a cooper. The town was incorporated in 1887.Portions of downtown West Dundee are included with the Dundee Township Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.