Kenilworth is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, 15 miles (24 km) north of downtown Chicago. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 2,513.
Joseph Sears purchased 223.6 acres (0.905 km2) in one of the last undeveloped areas near Chicago's lakeshore for $150,300 in 1889. Joseph Sears' specifications for the community included large lots, high standards of construction, no alleys, and sales to Caucasians only. Seven years later, the population had reached 300 residents, fulfilling the legal requirement for incorporation. The village population reached 2,501 in 1930 and has stayed nearly the same since then. In 1949, the US Supreme Court ruled that restrictive covenants such as the one enforced in Kenilworth were unenforceable by any court in the case Shelley v. Kraemer. In addition, the Civil Rights Act of 1968 totally outlawed such racially and religious covenants.These changes did not come easily, however. The first African-American family to move to Kenilworth was met with resistance from some in the community, such as a cross burning and racially charged vandalism, while others voiced shock over the offenses.