Dartmouth, Massachusetts is a coastal New England town and was the first area of Southeastern Massachusetts settled.
Dartmouth was first settled in 1650 and was officially incorporated in 1664. Dartmouth's history was that of anagricultural and seafaring community, but during the late 19th century its coastline became a resort area for the wealthy members of New England society.It was named for the town of Dartmouth, Devon, England, from where the Puritans originally intended to depart for America. The land was purchased with trading goods from the Wampanoag chiefs Massasoit andWamsutta by elders of the Plymouth Colony; reportedly thirty yards of cloth, eight moose skins, fifteen axes, fifteen hoes, fifteen pairs of shoes, one iron pot, and ten shillings' worth of assorted goods . It was sold to theReligious Society of Friends or Quakers, who wished to live outside the stringent religious laws of the Puritans in Plymouth.