Rockland is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 17,489 at the 2010 census.
Rockland was settled by European settlers, as a northeastern region of neighboring Abington in 1673. The town separated and incorporated as Rockland on March 9, 1874. It is named for the town's rocky nature, which was better suited for mills and industry than for farming. DuringKing Philip's War, the town was the site of an encampment during his raids on the town of Scituate.During the twentieth century, the town was the site of a portion of the landing strips of the South Weymouth Naval Air Station. The airstrip closed in 1996 as a part of the fourth round of closures under the Base Realignment and Closure Act.In recent years, a growing number of artists have moved into the community, attracted by former factory buildings as a place to work and meet.