Roxbury is a dissolved municipality and a currently officially recognized neighborhood of Boston,Massachusetts, U.S.
Roxbury was one of the first towns founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, and became a city in 1846 until annexed to Boston on January 5, 1868.The Massachusetts Bay Colony found the coastline largely empty, and quickly founded a group of six towns, among them Boston, Cambridge, and Roxbury. For more than 200 years, Roxbury also encompassed West Roxbury and Jamaica Plain.Three miles south the only land route to the capital led through Roxbury, which made the town important for both transportation and trade. Roxbury in the 1600s also held many of the resources Pilgrims prized: potentially arable land, timber, and a brook—a source of both water and water power—and stone for building. That particular stone, visible on stony outcroppings and in buildings, such as the Warren House, exists only in the Boston basin thus proving to be a valuable asset to the community that led to early prosperity. The village of Roxbury (originally called "Rocksberry" for the rocks in its soil that made early farming a challenge, has long been noted for its hilly geography and many large outcroppings of Roxbury Puddingstone, which was quarried for many years and used in the foundations of a large number of houses in the area.