Wayland is an affluent town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,444 at the 2010 census.
Wayland was the first settlement of Sudbury Plantation in 1639. The Town of East Sudbury was incorporated on April 10, 1780, on land which had formerly been part of Sudbury. On March 11, 1835, East Sudbury became Wayland, a farming community, presumably in honor of Dr. Francis Wayland, who was president ofBrown University and a friend of East Sudbury’s Judge Edward Mellen. Both Wayland and Mellen became benefactors of the town’s library, the first free public library in the state.The Wayland Free Public Library was established in 1848 and is arguably the first public library opened in Massachusetts. The building was rebuilt in 1900, and is a landmark in the town of Wayland.