Buckeystown is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Frederick County,Maryland, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,019. Buckeystown Historic Districtand Buckingham House and Industrial School Complex were listed on the National Register of Historic Placesin 1982. Carrollton Manor was listed in 1997. Former Congressman Roscoe Bartlett lives on a farm in the town. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Buckeystown CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.55%, is water.