Goshen is a town in Orange County, New York, United States. The population was 13,687 at the 2010 census.The town is named after the Land of Goshen.According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.0 square miles (113.9 km²), of which, 43.8 square miles (113.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.27%) is water.
Settlement began around 1714, even though plans for its settlement were made around 1654. The town was established in 1789. In 1830, part of Goshen was used to form the new Town of Hamptonburgh, and, in 1845, another part was used to form the Town of Chester.The region was important in the development of harness racing.It is the birthplace of the former Army Chief of Staff, and current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, GeneralMartin Dempsey.