New City is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Clarkstown, Rockland County, New York,United States, part of the New York Metropolitan Area.New City's population was 33,559 at the 2010 census, making it the 14th most populous CDP/hamlet in the state of New York.
Before the Revolutionary War, the land that would later become known as New City was settled mostly by Lenni Lenape Native Americans. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area. Orange County was established in 1683 as one of the first 12 counties in Province of New York, which included present dayRockland County. In 1780, Major Andre and Josh Hett Smith stopped at Coe's Tavern, located on what is now the corner of New Hempstead Road and Route 45, on their way to meeting Benedict Arnold.New City was formed in 1798, when Rockland County was incorporated as a separate county from the south-easternmost portion of Orange County. With the formation of a new county, there were needs for a new county seat. The central location of New City was a convenient location for a county seat, since travel in 1798 was difficult, and the existing main towns in the county were not centrally located. At the time, the Squadron Cavalry of New York City had a summer encampment of what is now the busy streets of Squadron Boulevard and Cavalry Drive, hence how these streets were named. The community got its name because the founding fathers envisioned a "new" city when forming the new county seat.