Richland is a borough in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Lebanon, PAMetropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,508 at the 2000 census.Richland is unusual in that an active railroad crossing intersects the town square. Further, the two streets that comprise the square, Main Street and Race Street, are the only streets linking the northern and southern portions of the borough. As a result, that crossing can divide the entire town. This quirk has earned Richland mention in Ripley's Believe It or Not! books and on the televised game show, Jeopardy!.