Brentwood is a city in Williamson County, Tennessee. A suburb of Nashville, Tennessee, Brentwood is known for its rolling hills as well as being one of the wealthiest cities in America relative to average cost of living. The population was 37,060 as of the 2010 U.S. Census, and estimated at 40,982 in 2014.
The first known residents of Brentwood were prehistoric Native Americans. When the early white settlers arrived in Brentwood in the late 1700s, the area had become a hunting ground for nomadic Native Americans coming up fromGeorgia and Alabama. This resulted in many conflicts. At least one massacre occurred in 1786 at the Southerland Mayfield family fort at Wilson Pike and Old Smyrna Road. Mayfield and two other men were killed and his son George was taken captive for ten years. Some of the first families were those of James Sneed, Robert Irvin Moore, Thomas Hardeman, Gresham Hunt, Samuel and Andrew Crockett, and John Edmondson who arrived well before 1800. The Holts, Herberts, Frosts, Hadleys, Hightowers, McGavocks, and Owens soon followed. Many of these families were given land grants because of service in the Virginia or North Carolina troops during the Revolutionary War. The original site of business activity was at the Frost place on Old Smyrna Road with a general store, grist mill and post office located there. Soon churches, predominately Methodist, sprang up and community life was established. When the railroad came through and established a depot, the center of commerce changed to the present downtown area. The village of Brentwood thrived and many plantations were built; cotton was the main cash crop.On April 15, 1969, Brentwood incorporated as a city. That same year the interstate came through the area and marked the beginning of residential and commercial growth. Maryland Farms office complex was built a few years later on what was once an American Saddle Horse farm and race track. The Brentwood Derby was run there until the mid 1970s.