Lebanon is the county seat of Wilson County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 26,190 at the 2010 census and 28,608 in 2013. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.63 square miles (100.1 km2), of which 38.5 square miles (100 km2) is land and 0.03% is water. Lebanon is located in Middle Tennessee, approximately 25 miles (40 km) east of downtown Nashville. Lebanon is part of the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city was incorporated in 1801, and was named after the biblical cedars of Lebanon. Local residents have called Lebanon "Cedar City", mostly a reference to the abundance of cedar trees in the area. The city is home to Cumberland University, a small, private four-year liberal arts institution.