Sugar Land is a city in the state of Texas, in the United States. The city is within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Landmetropolitan area and Fort Bend County. It is one of the most affluent and fastest-growing cities in Texas, having grown more than 158 percent in the last decade.
ugar Land's heritage traces its roots back to the original Native American land grant to Stephen F. Austin. One of the first settlers of the land, Mr. Williams, called this land "Oakland Plantation" because there were many different varieties of oaks on the land, such as willow oak, post oak, water oak, southern red oak, and live oak. Williams' brother, Nathaniel, purchased the land in 1838. They operated theplantation by growing cotton, corn, and sugarcane. During these early years, the area that is now Sugar Land was the center of social life along the Brazos River. In 1853, Benjamin Terry and William J. Kyle purchased the Oakland Plantation from the S. M. Williams family. Terry is known for organizing Terry's Texas Rangers during the Civil War and for naming the town. Upon the deaths of Terry and Kyle, Colonel E. H. Cunningham bought the 12,500 acres (51 km2) plantation soon after the Civil War, and developed the town around his sugar-refining plant around 1879.