Bealeton is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fauquier County, Virginia, at the intersection of State Route 28and U.S. Route 17. The population as of the 2010 Census was 4,435.
Bealeton was originally a stop on the former Orange and Alexandria Railroad (absorbed ultimately into theSouthern Railway in 1894, now Norfolk Southern), and the old railroad station building can be seen in the Bealeton Station development in front of the new Bealeton Library building. The building was previously located on County Road 805, Bealeton Rd. which runs parallel and near the railway. The area was a major traveling point during the Civil War and saw many skirmishes related to nearby engagements. Despite the presence of southern troops during the early years of the war the northern troops succeeded in pushing the Confederate line south of the Rappahannock River and eventually into Fredericksburg. This move led to the control of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, thus allowing the Union army to transport supplies deep into southern Virginia. Bealeton lost importance with the decline of railroad travel and became a bedroom community of Warrenton, Virginia and Northern Virginia primarily. This was aided by the comprehensive plan that made authorized water and sewer availability in 1967. Bealeton retains many large farms and provides a unique blend of agriculture, commercial, and residential development.